High Blood Pressure (hypertension) the complete Guide: Causes, Symptoms and treatments

Hypertention -High Blood Pressure

 

High blood pressure(HBP) also known as hypertension, it’s not just a disease but it’s a disease that leads to other dangerous health conditions and diseases.

In this guide, we will be going to discuss the causes and symptoms as well as the complications, and the different treatments for hypertension.

According to the American Health Association, 85 million adults over 20 in the United States alone have a high blood pressure it’s about 1 in every 3 over 20 have HBP and about 2/3 of people over the age of 65 according to the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) So it’s a very common disease among the adult population especially the older ones, so…

high blood pressure stats

What is High blood pressure (hypertension)?

Blood pressure is the amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries it’s measured by mmHg (1mmHg = 0,00133bar applied by the blood). So HBP is when blood pressure is higher the normal level which is over 140/90mmHg (don’t worry the meaning of this measurement is explained in the article).

If you have a blood pressure higher than the normal level for a significant period of time (weeks) that mean that you’re suffering from HBP and you have to follow some treatments procedures to control and avoid significant health complications.




In fact, most people don’t even know that they have HBP because in most cases people who have high blood pressure don’t experience any symptoms that why is called the “silent disease” but it does show some signs & symptoms once it reaches some serious levels (about 180/110 mmHg) ….

 

What are the different Blood Pressure levels?

When measuring blood pressure two numbers are returned by the blood pressure measuring tool the upper number is systolic pressure and the bottom number is diastolic pressure.

Systolic pressure: pressure applied by the blood when the heartbeats.

Diastolic pressure: pressure applied by the blood between heartbeats.

Blood pressure is usually divided into 5 levels:

  • Level 1: Hypotension or low blood pressure.

Systolic pressure: 90 mmHg or less.

or Diastolic pressure: 60 mmHg or less.

  • Level 2: Normal Blood Pressure.

Systolic: 90 to 119 mmHg

or Diastolic: 60 to 79 mmHg.

  • Level 3: Prehypertension.

Systolic: 120 – 139 mmHg

Or Diastolic: 80 – 89 mmHg is higher than normal but not yet to be considered ‘’true HBP”.

  • Level 4: Stage1 of Hypertension.

Systolic: 140 – 159 mmHg

or Diastolic: 90 – 99 mmHg

  • Level 5: Stage 2 of Hypertension.

Systolic: over 160 mmHg

or Diastolic: over 100 mmHg.

How can I measure my Blood Pressure?

You can measure it in the nearest drugstore or hospital or you can measure it yourself using…

Sphygmomanometer: is a device used to measure Blood Pressure, it’s also known as Blood Pressure meter or BP monitor, there are two types of Blood pressure meter the digital and the manual one.

a sphygmomanometer consists of a measuring unit (the mercury manometer) and an inflatable cuff.

The quality of a sphygmomanometer is determined by the accuracy and the ease of use.

For people who have hypertension, it’s important to have a blood pressure monitor to moderate and keep track of your BP also as a pre-prevention procedure of dangerous and surprising complications like stroke and Heart attack.

Below some quality sphygmomanometer, FDA approved with good customer reviews.

What are the signs and symptoms of hypertension?

After a person who has a high blood pressure reaches about 180/110 mmHg which is a medical emergency some symptoms will reveal…

  • A severe Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Breathlessness
  • An irregular beating of the heart
  • Nosebleeds
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

It’s important to see your doctors if you experience any of these symptoms.

The standard listed below (180/110 mmHg) may not be appropriate for people who suffer from other diseases like diabetes, kidney disease your blood pressure level must be interpreted differently. The standard here is 130 in systolic (top number) or 80 in diastolic (bottom number) so if you have diabetes or kidney disease 130/80 mmHg is a serious level of blood pressure that require immediate treatment.

High blood pressure causes and Risk Factors

The awareness of what causes a high blood pressure help to prevent it or even reverse it. HBP seems to be related to families or with genetics but it’s also highly dependable on the type of lifestyle that someone follows (types of food, exercises…), below a list of risk factors that make the person more likely to have HBP than the person who doesn’t:

  • Family history: an international scientific study identified eight common genetic differences that may increase the risk of having high blood pressure.
  • Age: the risk of having HBP increase as the age increase.
  • Obesity and overweight: the obesity people need more blood to supply their organs with oxygen which mean more pressure in the arteries.
  • Gender: it’s more common among adult men that adult women but after the of 65 men and women are equally susceptible.
  • Physically inactive: having sedentary lifestyle is dangerous besides the risk of being overweight lack of exercise raise the risk of having hypertension.
  • Race: people from Africa and South Asia are most likely to have a HBP than Caucasian and American people.
  • Mental Stress: High level of stress and anxiety is one the major causes HBP especially the temporary high blood pressure.
  • Smoking: it causes a shrink in arteries and kills lunge cells which lead to difficulties to supply organs with fresh oxygen-rich Blood which force the heart to push more blood. in consequence: Higher blood pressure.
  • Alcohol: it affects your heart negatively which causes an imbalance in blood pressure.
  • Sodium intake: salt causes the body to retain more fluid, which leads to HBP.
  • Psoriasis: studies shown that people who have psoriasis have a higher risk of developing hypertension.
  • Pregnancy: HBP often happens during the pregnancy period.
  • Potassium intake: low potassium must be avoided because it stabilizes the amount of sodium in body’s cells.
  • Diabetes: people with diabetes have a higher risk of having hypertension especially people with type 2 diabetes because the quantity of sugar in the blood is a risk factor of having HBP. But controlled diabetes can reduce the risk of having hypertension.

 

Complications of hypertension

The untreated or uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to severe complications on vital organs due to the constant pressure of blood on the vessels such as:

  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Brain and memory problems
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Blood clots
  • Kidney disease
  • Aneurysm
  • Heart attack

complications hypertension

Treatments for hypertension

It depends on which situation you’re in, and the associated diseases…

  • Moderately high blood pressure:

In this case, your doctor may advise you to change your lifestyle along with some medical prescriptions.

Like starting a regular exercise program and losing weight if you’re overweighed along with healthy food.

  • Severe high blood pressure (180/110 mmHg or Higher):

First, this is an emergency state you have to go to the hospital lower your current blood pressure then it’s important to see a cardiovascular specialist and follow the procedures listed below after consulting your doctor (cardiovascular specialist):

  1. Rottenly exercise:

Keeping a regular daily exercise in a range of 35 min to an hour will usually lower your blood pressure (5 to 9 mmHg) within few weeks.

  1. Losing weight:

If you have some sort of fatness losing weight will have a significant impact On lowering your Blood Pressure. As the studies show the closer you are to your ideal weight the more likely your BP is going to decrease.

  1. Practicing Yoga:

This stress-management approach has a great benefit not just in lowering Blood pressure but also in decreasing the impact of most cardiovascular disease as well as improving your overall physical, mental health and the quality of your life.

  1. Sleep:

You must atteint the recommended range of 7 to 8 hours per night of sleep. The studies show that people out of range 7 – 8 hours of sleep duration face an increased risk of severe HBP.

  1. Caffeine:

Studies revealed conflict result in its impact on blood pressure but moderating caffeine consumption is recommended for people with HBP.

  1. Sodium:

Lowering the salt intake can reduce blood pressure by 3 – 8 mmHg as the studies shown.

The center for disease control and Prevention (CDC) suggest limiting the sodium consumption to 1.500mg a day.

  1. Proper Nutrition:

Eating quality unrefined carbohydrates (fruits, vegetables essentially) and omega 3 rich food (grass-fed beef, wild-caught salmon, chia seeds…) or omega3 oil is very useful to prevent and moderate high blood pressure.

Also, frequently drinking white tea and eating Dark chocolate will protect you against stroke and decrease blood pressure

  1. Apple cider vinegar:

It’s a natural source of potassium which can help lower the blood pressure.

  1. Supplements for High Blood Pressure:

Fish Oil: it contains a high percentage of omega-3 fatty acids (EPA, DHA) which is effective in reducing the inflammation in the arteries.

Taking a daily dose (1,000 mg) of Fish oil is a good and natural way to reduce Blood pressure

Garlic: is a natural vasodilator, that is available as a supplement in pill or liquid forms.

Cocoa: is another natural vasodilator that improves blood flow to essential organs by increasing the amount of nitric oxide in the blood.

This supplement is often available in a form of powder.

Q10 or CoQ10: is a great natural remedy for high blood pressure for people who didn’t consume yet a blood pressure or cholesterol stabilizer medication, also Q10 is an antioxidant which is critical for supporting heart health.

Also, 250 to 300 mg is great as a daily dose to lower high blood pressure.

Keep visiting your doctor regularly.

At least visit your doctor once every 4 to 12 months, that is crucial to avoid complications of HBP…

Remember that we said that HBP most of the time have no signs or symptoms it may reach some serious levels without even noticed it and as we get older Blood Pressure level tend rise…

…So, management and prevention are too important to moderate your Blood pressure that when a professional eye come to work that makes sure to stick to a healthy lifestyle.

 medicines for hypertension

It’s preferable to follow the natural treatments listed above first, but in some cases, your doctor may decide that you need to take medicines.

But here in StylishBe we strongly suggest avoiding medicines by keeping track of your blood pressure and following a healthy lifestyle…

…after this caution let us know what are the different types of blood pressure medicine.

  • Type of blood pressure medicine:

There are 5 main types of high blood pressure medicine that your doctor may use to treat Hypertension:

  • Calcium-channel blockers (ARBs): medicines of this type often end with ‘ pril ‘.

It works by helping controlling Hormones that affect blood pressure.

  • Beta-Blocker: doctors not usually give Beta-Blocker as a first choice but it can be useful in some cases like having heart failure or angina.
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB): these medicines often end with ‘ artan ‘.

It also helps controlling hormones that Affect Blood Pressure.

  • Thiazide diuretics: often end with ‘’ ide ‘’ these medicines work by removing unwanted fluids from the body.
  • ACE inhibitors: Also help to control hormones that affect BP.

There are other types of medicine, that usually used in special cases like pregnancy some examples are vasodilators, alpha-blockers or direct renin inhibitors.

Note: you have to be careful when taking any other medicines in parallel with HBP medicine. because some of them can rise your Blood Pressure or make your BP medicines less effective.

So, it’s required to consult with your doctor if you’re taking any other medicines including ‘over the counter’ medicines like ibuprofen.

  • Side effects:

If you having any side effects from taking HBP medicines you can speak to your doctor to change the dose or the medicine itself.

There is no way to predict the side effects of a medicine on a particular person. But every medicine usually comes with a leaflet that contains a list of all possible side effects that a person may have.

That doesn’t mean that you will necessarily have a side effect, in fact, that rarely happens.

Final notes:

The real treatment of this chronic disease is before any complications happen. by following a healthy lifestyle and keeping track of your blood pressure state regularly.

 

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